If you’re new to the world of cannabis and the different ways it can be used, then you may be lost with popularity rising around cannabis concentrates. Concentrates have piqued the interest of high tolerance consumers and new patients alike. But before covering the details of extracting cannabis into concentrated forms.
Cannabis concentrates are the most desirable parts or constituents of the cannabis plant distilled down from the entire plant or part of it. Cannabis concentrates are not different from any other plant concentrate. After the cannabis plant has gone through a process that removes all the unnecessary material, it leaves behind a thick sticky substance. The leftover product that comes from this refining procedure is called a concentrate. It contains many cannabinoids and terpenes, which are the primary/active ingredients of the plant.
One of the cannabinoids is THC, which is a psychoactive substance in the plant. It is said to be responsible for the psychoactive effect of the cannabis plant. CBD (cannabidiol) is another integral active constituent of cannabis, and it is a non-psychoactive part of the plant. Meaning its isolated use would not induce the characteristic “high” accounted for in THC-containing cannabis use. Other constituents of the cannabis plant and many lesser-known cannabinoids include terpenes, which are the aromatic substances in the cannabis plant.
There are an assortment of techniques to make concentrates, which always begin with the trichomes. Trichomes are small hair like bulbs that create the sticky grains that you may find at the bottom of your flower packaging. These tiny bulbs pack over 95% of all the terpenes and cannabinoids (THC, CBD etc). In any case of concentrates, the trichomes are preserved, pressed, heated, extracted or a combination of these to result in a final product. Concentrates come in two main forms: solvent and solventless. Solvents like butane and CO2 strip the terpenes and cannabinoids from cannabis making items like live resin, and Butane Hash Oil (BHO). Solventless techniques depend on heat application or heavy duty pressing to products like hash or fresh pressed rosin. Concentrates and extracts can be created to make a wide assortment of textures, consistencies and forms like wax, break, and oils.
Cannabis concentrates usually come in the range of 30-95% in potency.. Although, this potency depends on the number of cannabinoids and terpenes the concentrate contains. Concentrates can be consumed by dabbing, use in vaporizers, consumption as edibles, applications as topical products, tinctures, and so much more.
TYPES OF CONCENTRATES.
There are different ways that these substances are extracted into concentrates, divided into two broad types. There are solvent-based concentrates and non-solvent-based concentrates which do not need a solvent for their extraction.
These kinds of concentrates are extracted using a solvent such as butane, ethanol, propane, or carbon dioxide to strip the plants of the cannabinoids and terpenes. Below are some of the concentrates made using this method
It is called live resin because frozen cannabis plant material is used in its production. This is done to maintain high levels of terpenes in the concentrate, thereby preserving a similar aroma to that of a live plant. Its glossy appearance color range distinguishes it from golden to amber.
Caviar is an extract made from a combination of extracted “sauce” and diamonds. It tends to have a high potency with a consistency similar to molasses with formed crystal-like grains of cannabinoids. The CannMart team recommends using dab rigs to consume caviar concentrates.
A full spectrum, concentrate and one of the purest and potent types extracted due to its cannabinoid content. Diamonds are small grains of high CBD or THC that are similar to coarse sugar or salt. This form of concentrate comes with potencies 80% and higher.
RSO (Rick Simpson Oil)
This ethanol based concentrate is a form of decarboxylated (honey) oil. RSO is made with one of the more unique extraction methods. The cannabis is soaked in an ethanol bath, strained, and as a result the ethanol bath evaporates into a honey oil.
Hydrocarbon Extracts (shatter, wax, badder)
The pressurized chemical solvent, butane, and propane are used to extract this oil from the cannabis plant. This method helps retain the cannabinoids and terpene content of the plant to a more considerable extent, as it is way gentler than other extraction methods. The Butane Hash Oil varies in its strength, but it can be vaporized as the most popular way to use it is dabbing. Hydrocarbon concentrates are the most common form of extracts. Extraction is conducted in a closed loop system where cannabinoids and terpenes are stripped from the flower. Depending on the goal for a final product, there may be heat applied for a thicker consistency. Hydrocarbons can likewise be made with cured, or uncured cannabis in the event that the extractors objective is to have a live item or not. Shatter is known for its fragile, glass-like consistency. Wax is exactly what it sounds like and has a beeswax-like consistency. Badder has the most thickness of these models and comes in a "cake batter" form.
This is the crude extract of the cannabis plant. It is used in vape pens and cartridges. It can also be used as edibles in seasonings, dressings, pastries, and topical products. Distilling the cannabis plants maintains the highest level of terpenes. Still, it can be further processed to extract the THC and CBD in their purest forms with little to no added flavors.
SOLVENT FREE CONCENTRATES
These concentrates do not need any solvent for their extraction compared to those listed above. The cannabinoids and terpenes are gotten from the cannabis plant using pressure, filtration, or temperature-induced extraction.
Fresh Pressed Rosin
Rosin is produced from the dried flower by using high levels of heat and pressure and is frequently made with industry-grade hydraulic presses. However, you can make it at home with similar equipment. The buds are squished, heated and essentially “juiced” to produce secreted oils. Rosin is very aromatic as a lot of the terpenes are preserved along with the cannabinoids. Its thick syrupy texture usually has a deep yellow color and can be used to make budder.
Kief (Sift Hash)
Kief is the powder-like residue that consists of fallen trichomes from the bud. You may have a 3 piece grinder that catches kief for you. Sif hash removes trichomes in a certain way to optimize the extraction of trichomes. By taking harvest and cured flowers and placing them on a screen like surface to be mobilized or vibrated, the majority of the trichomes and pistils are removed. This creates a sift hash that can be pressed into another form of hash or consumed.
Made from kief that has been pressed (with or without heat) into a brick like form.
Bubble hash is also called water hash. You can get bubble hash by separating trichomes from the buds or trims using ice, water, and filter bags. The terpenes are preserved the most in this, which gives it intense flavors.
There are numerous ways cannabis is processed to obtain concentrates that are used for various purposes. It ranges from those that need a solvent for its extraction and those that do not. Depending on the process the cannabis plant goes through in commercial production or personal use, its usage and potency, determined by the level of THC and CBD in the extract, which can range from 20% to 50%.